Roman Emperor Who Succeeded Hadrian: Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (24 January 76 – 10 July 138) A Roman Italo-Spanish family from Atri in Picenum settled in Spain, where he was born. A first cousin of Emperor Trajan’s, his father held a position of senatorial authority. Prior to becoming emperor, Hadrian married Trajan’s great-niece, Vibia Sabina, maybe at the urging of Trajan’s wife Pompeia Plotina.
Plotina and Lucius Licinius Sura, a close friend and counselor of Trajan’s, had nothing but good feelings for Hadrian. Hadrian was named emperor by Trajan’s widow shortly before her husband’s death, according to this account. Antoninus Pius was the Roman Emperor from AD 138 to 161. He was also known as Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus and Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. He was born in Lanuvium, Latium, on September 19, 86, and died at Lorium, Etruria, on March 7, 161.
He oversaw the empire during an 84-year period of internal peace and prosperity (96–180) as the fourth of the “five good emperors.” Three of his four paternal grandfathers served as consuls in Gaul, where his ancestors came from. After Antoninus served as consul in 120, Emperor Hadrian (reigned 117–138) chose him to help with judicial administration in Italy. Later, when the Emperor was in control of Asia in 134, he became an advisor to the Emperor. In the year 138, Hadrian adopted Antoninus and named him as his heir.
Antoninus’ successors, according to Hadrian’s decree, would be Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. When Antoninus rose to power, he persuaded a skeptical Senate to bestow celestial honors on Hadrian. In honor of this and possibly past acts of chivalry, the Senate granted him the surname, Pius. Faustina died in late 140 or early 141, and Faustino resolved to establish an institution for Rome’s poor daughters in her honor. In her honor, the Puellae Faustinianae was created.
2nd-century literary allusions
According to 2nd-century literary allusions, few important events occurred during Antoninus’ 23-year reign. Revolts in Roman Britain were put down, and the Antonine Wall, a continuation of the Roman boundary north of Hadrian’s Wall, was finished in 142. (q.v.). Antoninus’ troops put down rebellions in Mauretania, Germany, Dacia, and Egypt, among other places.
Aelius Aristides’ famous panegyric from 143–144 illustrates the mood of well-being that pervaded the empire under Antoninus. The empire was conquered by hostile tribes after Antoninus’ death, which was followed by civil strife. In the first century BCE, Rome’s development from a republic to an empire occurred during a period of instability and civil wars. During this time period, Julius Caesar rose to power as Rome’s ruler. After Caesar’s death in 44 BCE, his nephew Octavian reigned alongside Mark Antony and Lepidus. After Octavian defeated Antony at the Battle of Actium (31 BCE) in northern Africa, Augustus was crowned as Rome’s first emperor. His rule, which lasted from 27 BC to 14 CE, was marked by peace and stability.
The Immortal Legacy of Rome
During the later republic and the bulk of the empire, Rome dominated the Mediterranean basin, much of western Europe, and large portions of northern Africa. The Romans, who had a strong army and were competent in the practical arts such as law, government, city planning, and statecraft, preserved many characteristics of ancient Greek culture. Other ancient peoples’ contributions, particularly those of the Greeks, were recognized and embraced by the Romans. Augustus created a form of government known as a principate, which combined republican traits with monarchical powers. The Senate continued to function despite Augustus’ ongoing role as princeps or first citizen.
Hadrian succeeded him as Emperor of Rome from 117 to 117 AD
Hadrian, the Roman emperor who succeeded him in 117 AD, is a crossword puzzle clue. We’ll try everything we can to finish this crossword problem. The following are some possible solutions to the riddle “Roman emperor who was deposed in 117 AD by Hadrian.” The last time it was seen was in a crossword puzzle in the United Kingdom. There is just one probable response in our database.
The Roman Empire’s Rise and Fall
Marcus Cocceius Nerva (96–98) succeeded Domitian as senator of the Roman Senate after his death. After him, some of Rome’s most popular governors included Trajan (98–117), Hadrian (117–138), Antoninus Pius (138–161), and Marcus Aurelius (161–180). This group is referred to as the “Five Good Emperors.” They have ruled over a time of exceptional prosperity and progress because their success was not passed down via the family. Despite this, all of the great developments that occurred during this time period were accompanied by over-centralization issues. Young, inexperienced, and decadent emperors like Commodus (180–192) had all the power they needed to bring an empire to its knees.
Civil strife and weak leadership blighted the next century. In 193, the leader of the Danube army, Septimius Severus, swept to power and created a military monarchy in Rome. The empire was badly harmed by “barbarian invasions,” usurpations, and political instability. Many people lost their lives and property as a result of the disturbance spiraling out of control. For decades, restrictive rules, high taxes, inflation, and extortion by troops stationed in the area impeded commerce.
Between the River Clyde and the Firth of Forth, 36.5 miles of the Antonine Wall, a Roman boundary barrier across Scotland, may be discovered in the north of Scotland. After AD 142, Emperor Antoninus Pius ordered the Roman soldiers, led by Lollius Urbicus, the governor of the province, to construct the wall (Quintus Lollius Urbicus). A ditch 40 feet (12 meters) wide and 12 feet (4 meters) deep ran in front of the wall; as the material in the ditch was pushed out, a big, shallow mound was built on the ditch’s north side.
The wall was made of turf on a stone foundation and stood about 10 feet (3 meters) tall. Many of the wall’s sixteen known forts, which were built over the course of two decades, were connected by fortlets. The Military Way served as a thoroughfare connecting the several outposts. An airborne survey found 20 camps used by soldiers who erected the wall.
The Roman Empire was famed not just for its fearsome army, which served as the empire’s backbone, but also for its triumphs in the arts and sciences. For example, it was a complex and extensive system of precedents and remarks that was finally codified by Roman law in the 6th century (see Justinian, Code of). The roads of ancient Rome were unrivaled in terms of speed and variety; they were utilized for everything from commerce to agriculture to mail delivery, and they could accommodate both pedestrians and troops. Roman city designers set new standards for cleanliness and hygiene throughout the Roman Empire with its plumbing, sewage disposal, dams, and aqueducts. While the Romans’ architecture sometimes imitated Greek forms, it was also boldly planned and lavishly created. The Romans built triumphal arches and the famous Roman baths to commemorate significant events.
Five Emperors Who Are Deserving of Honor
Nerva (r. 96–98 CE), Trajan (r. 98–117 CE), Hadrian (r. 117–138 CE), Antoninus Pius (r. 138–161), and Marcus Aurelius (161–180 CE) were five great Roman emperors who governed over Rome’s most brilliant times. Blood has nothing to do with it. Nerva was elevated to the throne by Domitian’s assassins, and the others were adopted heirs, each only distantly related to his predecessor if at all, till the dynasty came to an end. The Antonines featured emperors Lucius Verus (Antoninus Pius’ adopted heir) and Commodus (Antoninus Pius’ adopted son) in addition to Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius (son of Marcus Aurelius).
Any of the two apex magistracies in the ancient Roman Republic, consul, Latin for “consul,” plural for “consoles.” The kings were ousted and replaced by consuls somewhere between 509 and 509 BC. The consuls, however, who were elected by the people in the Comitia Centuriata (a popular assembly), had veto authority over each other’s decisions, limiting their ability to rule arbitrarily. The imperium (q.v.) of the consuls was absolute, but its arbitrary use was limited. Other magistracies, such as the Censor and the Tribunal, tightened consular authority even more.
Consuls, on the other hand, acted as de facto presidents of the countries they served. They supervised the military, summoned and presided over legislative sessions, and carried out their decrees as commanders in chief. They still held administrative and criminal law prerogatives, but they were accompanied at all times by the unique sella curulis (office chair) and 12 lictors.